Table of Contents

Title Page

 

Abstract

 

Dedication

ii

Acknowledgments

iii

Preface

vi

List of Figures

ix

Introduction

1

Chapter

 

I.

History

5

 

1.1

Before Tsiolkovsky, prior to 1878

6

 

1.2

From Tsiolkovsky to Sputnik, 1878-1957

7

 

1.3

From Sputnik to Skylab, 1957-1973

19

 

1.4

After Skylab, 1973-1991

46

 

 

Notes to Chapter I

92

II.

Physiology

102

 

2.1

Micro-Gravity Research

103

 

2.2

Artificial-Gravity Research

113

 

 

Notes to Chapter II

129

III.

Physics

139

 

3.1

Newton's Laws

141

 

3.2

Free-Fall, Orbit, and Weightlessness

144

 

3.3

Gravity, Acceleration, and Weight

146

 

3.4

Acceleration and Energy

149

 

3.5

Centripetal Acceleration

152

 

3.6

Coriolis Acceleration

156

 

3.7

Other Accelerations

162

 

3.8

Momentum and Moment of Inertia

164

 

3.9

Cross-Coupled Rotations

170

 

3.10

Moment of Inertia and Stability

173

 

3.11

Angular Momentum and Energy

177

 

3.12

Tidal Acceleration, General Case

181

 

3.13

Tidal Acceleration, Special Case

185

 

3.14

Structural Limitations

190

 

 

Notes to Chapter III

202

IV.

Frame of Reference

206

 

4.1

Components of Artificial Gravity

207

 

4.2

Directionality

210

 

4.3

Verticality, Free-Fall, and the Involute Curve

212

 

4.4

Limit as Radius Approaches Infinity

221

 

4.5

Comfort

224

 

4.6

Apparent Slope

228

 

4.7

Linear Motion and the Catenary Curve

229

 

4.8

Stairs

236

 

4.9

Material Handling

249

 

4.10

Configuration

250

 

 

Notes to Chapter IV

254

V.

Design

259

 

5.1

Reasons and Goals

260

 

5.2

Architectural Theory

262

 

5.3

Meaning

265

 

5.4

Principal Directions

267

 

5.5

Interior and Exterior Space

269

 

5.6

Form and Function

272

 

5.7

The Architecture of Artificial Gravity

274

 

 

Notes to Chapter V

286

Bibliography

291